Iran deutschland

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Das deutsch-iranische Handelsvolumen betrug insgesamt rund 3,4 Milliarden Euro. Damit stieg der deutsche Export in den Iran um 16 Prozent im. 7. Aug. Wer mit dem Iran Geschäfte macht, soll keine mehr mit den USA machen, so Trump. Auch die deutsche Industrie beugt sich dem. Iraner in Deutschland sind aus dem Iran stammende Personen, die sich mit diesem und dessen Kultur öffentlich identifizieren und in Deutschland wohnen. New Jersey, Prentice Beste Spielothek in Eiderstede finden Inc. The Cyrus Cylinderwhich is known as "the first charter of human rights ", is often seen as a Beste Spielothek in Bei Schlingshöhe finden of the questions and thoughts expressed by Zoroaster, and developed in Zoroastrian schools of the Beste Spielothek in Au am Leithaberge finden era. But this did not put an end to the civil uprisings and was soon followed by Mirza Kuchik Khan 's Jungle Movement against both the Qajar monarchy and foreign invaders. But one unofficially used the name Iran, Eranshahr, and similar national designations, particularly Mamalek-e Iran or "Iranian lands", which exactly translated the old Avestan term Ariyanam Daihunam. Iran hosts one of the largest refugee populations in the 888 casino uk sign in, with more than one million refugees, mostly from Afghanistan and Iraq. It allows API clients to download millions of rows of historical data, to query our real-time economic calendar, subscribe to updates and receive quotes for currencies, commodities, stocks and bonds. It is located near the ruins em rekorde Persepolis and Pasargadaetwo of the four capitals of the Achaemenid Empire. The Figure of the Champions league 2019 auslosung Poet". In Frye, Richard N. Archived 26 June at novoline sizzling hot download Wayback Machine. Retrieved 26 April Iran deutschland 4 July Archived from the original on 26 April Retrieved 7 March Retrieved 17 October

Around , to , Christians reside in Iran, [] [] and Christianity is the country's largest recognized minority religion. Most are of Armenian background, as well as a sizable minority of Assyrians.

Christianity, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, and the Sunni branch of Islam are officially recognized by the government, and have reserved seats in the Iranian Parliament.

The government has not released statistics regarding irreligiosity. However, irreligious figures are growing and are higher in the diaspora , notably among Iranian Americans.

The 15th-century Blue Mosque of Tabriz , one of Iran's few completely roofed mosques. Isfahan 's Shah Mosque , built by the order of Abbas I in , together with the adjacent bazaar, forms an axis between trade and religion.

Tehran 's Haim Synagogue was built following the Constitutional Revolution in The earliest attested cultures in Iran date back to the Lower Paleolithic.

Owing to its geopolitical position, Iran has influenced cultures as far as Greece and Italy to the west, Russia to the north, the Arabian Peninsula to the south, and south and east Asia to the east.

The art of Iran encompasses many disciplines, including architecture , stonemasonry , metalworking , weaving , pottery , painting , and calligraphy.

Iranian works of art show a great variety in style, in different regions and periods. Greek iconography was imported by the Seleucids , followed by the recombination of Hellenistic and earlier Near Eastern elements in the art of the Parthians , [] with remains such as the Temple of Anahita and the Statue of the Parthian Nobleman.

By the time of the Sasanians, Iranian art came across a general renaissance. During the Middle Ages, Sasanian art played a prominent role in the formation of both European and Asian medieval art, [97] which carried forward to the Islamic world , and much of what later became known as Islamic learning—including medicine , architecture , philosophy , philology , and literature —were of Sasanian basis.

The Safavid era is known as the Golden Age of Iranian art, [] and Safavid works of art show a far more unitary development than in any other period, [] as part of a political evolution that reunified Iran as a cultural entity.

Iran's contemporary art traces its origins back to the time of Kamal-ol-Molk , [] a prominent realist painter at the court of the Qajar dynasty who affected the norms of painting and adopted a naturalistic style that would compete with photographic works.

A new Iranian school of fine art was established by Kamal-ol-Molk in , [] and was followed by the so-called "coffeehouse" style of painting.

Iran's avant-garde modernists emerged by the arrival of new western influences during World War II.

The history of architecture in Iran goes back to the seventh millennium BC. Iranian architecture displays great variety, both structural and aesthetic, developing gradually and coherently out of earlier traditions and experience.

Iran ranks seventh among UNESCO 's list of countries with the most archaeological ruins and attractions from antiquity. Ruins of the Tachara , part of the World Heritage site of Persepolis.

Isfahan 's historic Siosepol. The World Heritage Bazaar of Tabriz. Kashan 's historic Qasemi Bathhouse. Shiraz 's historic Qavam House.

Tehran 's World Heritage site of the Golestan Palace. Tehran 's historic Azadi Tower. Iran's carpet-weaving has its origins in the Bronze Age, and is one of the most distinguished manifestations of Iranian art.

Iran's oldest literary tradition is that of Avestan , the Old Iranian sacred language of the Avesta , which consists of the legendary and religious texts of Zoroastrianism and the ancient Iranian religion , with its earliest records dating back to the pre-Achaemenid times.

Of the various modern languages used in Iran, Persian , various dialects of which are spoken throughout the Iranian Plateau, [] [] has the most influential literature.

Persian has been dubbed as a worthy language to serve as a conduit for poetry, and is considered one of the four main bodies of world literature.

Iranian philosophy originates from Indo-European roots, with Zoroaster 's reforms having major influences. According to The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy , the chronology of the subject and science of philosophy starts with the Indo-Iranians, dating this event to BC.

The Oxford dictionary also states, "Zarathushtra's philosophy entered to influence Western tradition through Judaism, and therefore on Middle Platonism.

While there are ancient relations between the Indian Vedas and the Iranian Avesta , the two main families of the Indo-Iranian philosophical traditions were characterized by fundamental differences, especially in their implications for the human being's position in society and their view of man's role in the universe.

The Cyrus Cylinder , which is known as "the first charter of human rights ", is often seen as a reflection of the questions and thoughts expressed by Zoroaster, and developed in Zoroastrian schools of the Achaemenid era.

Among them are treatises such as the Zatspram, Shkand-gumanik Vizar , and Denkard , as well as older passages of the Avesta and the Gathas. Iranian mythology consists of ancient Iranian folklore and stories, all involving extraordinary beings, reflecting attitudes towards the confrontation of good and evil , actions of the gods, and the exploits of heroes and fabulous creatures.

Myths play a crucial part in Iranian culture, and understanding of them is increased when they are considered within the context of actual events in Iranian history.

The geography of Greater Iran, a vast area covering present-day Iran, the Caucasus, Anatolia, Mesopotamia and Central Asia, with its high mountain ranges, plays the main role in much of Iranian mythology.

It draws heavily on the stories and characters of the Zoroastrian tradition, from the texts of the Avesta , the Denkard , and the Bundahishn.

Iran is the apparent birthplace of the earliest complex instruments, dating back to the third millennium BC. Multiple depictions of horizontal harps were also sculpted in Assyrian palaces, dating back between and BC.

Xenophon 's Cyropaedia mentions a great number of singing women at the court of the Achaemenid Empire. Likewise, Strabo 's Geographica reports that the Parthian youth were taught songs about "the deeds both of the gods and of the noblest men".

The history of Sasanian music is better documented than the earlier periods, and is especially more evident in Avestan texts.

Iranian traditional musical instruments include string instruments such as chang harp , qanun , santur , rud oud , barbat , tar , dotar , setar , tanbur , and kamanche , wind instruments such as sorna zurna , karna and ney , and percussion instruments such as tompak , kus , daf dayere , and naqare.

It was reformed by Parviz Mahmoud in , and is currently Iran's oldest and largest symphony orchestra. Later, by the late s, Ruhollah Khaleqi founded the country's first national music society, and established the School of National Music in Iranian pop music has its origins in the Qajar era.

The emergence of genres such as rock in the s and hip hop in the s also resulted in major movements and influences in Iranian music. Before the Revolution, the Iranian national stage had become a famous performing scene for known international artists and troupes, [] with the Roudaki Hall of Tehran constructed to function as the national stage for opera and ballet.

Tjeknavorian, a celebrated Iranian Armenian composer and conductor, composed it in 25 years, and it was finally performed for the first time at Tehran's Roudaki Hall, with Darya Dadvar in the role of Tahmina.

A third-millennium BC earthen goblet discovered at the Burnt City , a Bronze Age urban settlement in southeastern Iran, depicts what could possibly be the world's oldest example of animation.

The artifact, associated with Jiroft , bears five sequential images depicting a wild goat jumping up to eat the leaves of a tree.

The figures at Persepolis remain bound by the rules of grammar and syntax of visual language. It is even possible to see a progenitor of the cinematic close-up shot in one of these works of art, which shows a wounded wild pig escaping from the hunting ground.

By the early 20th century, the five-year-old industry of cinema came to Iran. Mirza Ebrahim obtained a camera and filmed the Qajar ruler's visit to Europe.

Later in , Mirza Ebrahim Sahhaf Bashi , a businessman, opened the first public movie theater in Tehran. Until the early s, there were around 15 cinema theaters in Tehran and 11 in other provinces.

Iran's animation industry began by the s, and was followed by the establishment of the influential Institute for the Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults in January The majority of the production focused on melodrama and thrillers.

With the screening of the films Qeysar and The Cow , directed by Masoud Kimiai and Dariush Mehrjui respectively in , alternative films set out to establish their status in the film industry and Bahram Beyzai 's Downpour and Nasser Taghvai 's Tranquility in the Presence of Others followed soon.

Attempts to organize a film festival, which had begun in within the framework of the Golrizan Festival, resulted in the festival of Sepas in The endeavors also resulted in the formation of the Tehran's World Film Festival in After the Revolution of , and following the Cultural Revolution , a new age emerged in Iranian cinema, starting with Long Live!

Kiarostami, an acclaimed Iranian director, planted Iran firmly on the map of world cinema when he won the Palme d'Or for Taste of Cherry in Critics considered this a remarkable event in the history of Iranian cinema.

In , he was named as one of the Most Influential People in the world by the American news magazine Time. Iran's official New Year begins with Nowruz , an ancient Iranian tradition celebrated annually on the vernal equinox.

It is enjoyed by people adhering to different religions, but is considered a holiday for the Zoroastrians. It was registered on the UNESCO 's list of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity in , [] described as the Persian New Year , [] [] [] [] shared with a number of other countries in which it has historically been celebrated.

Iran's official calendar is the Solar Hejri calendar , beginning at the vernal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere , which was first enacted by the Iranian Parliament on 31 March Alternatively, the Lunar Hejri calendar is used to indicate Islamic events, and the Gregorian calendar remarks the international events.

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the influences from the neighboring cultures, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. Herbs are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins.

To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes.

Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form.

Lunch and dinner meals are commonly accompanied by side dishes such as plain yogurt or mast-o-khiar , sabzi , salad Shirazi , and torshi , and might follow dishes such as borani , Mirza Qasemi , or kashk e bademjan as the appetizer.

Being a mountainous country, Iran is a venue for skiing , snowboarding , hiking , rock climbing , [] and mountain climbing.

Iran's National Olympic Committee was founded in Wrestlers and weightlifters have achieved the country's highest records at the Olympics.

The Azadi Sport Complex , which is the largest sport complex in Iran, was originally built for this occasion.

Soccer has been regarded as the most popular sport in Iran, with men's national team having won the Asian Cup on three occasions. Men's national team has maintained its position as the best Asian squad, as it ranks first in Asia and 37th in the world according to the FIFA World Rankings as of June [update].

Volleyball is the second most popular sport in Iran. Basketball is also popular, [] with men's national team having won three Asian Championships since In , Iran made global headlines for international female champions boycotting tournaments in Iran in chess U.

Woman Grandmaster Nazi Paikidze [] [] and in shooting Indian world champion Heena Sidhu , [] as they refused to enter a country where they would be forced to wear a hijab.

Iran's telecommunications are handled by the state-owned Telecommunication Company of Iran. All sanctioned media outlets in Iran are either state-owned or subject to monitoring.

Outlets such as books, movies, and music albums must be approved by the Ministry of Ershad before being released to the public.

Most of the newspapers published in Iran are in Persian. The country's most widely circulated periodicals are based in Tehran, among which are Etemad , Ettela'at , Kayhan , Hamshahri , Resalat , and Shargh.

Television was introduced to Iran in Iran received access to the Internet in According to Internet World Stats, as of [update] , about According to the statistics provided by the web information company of Alexa , Google Search and Yahoo!

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Persia disambiguation. This article is about the modern nation.

For other uses, see Iran disambiguation. Prehistory of Iran and Archaeological sites in Iran. Muslim conquest of Persia and Medieval Iran.

Safavid dynasty , Afsharid dynasty , Zand dynasty , and Qajar dynasty. Agriculture in Iran and Environmental issues in Iran. List of Iranian cities by population.

Largest cities or towns in Iran census. Judicial system of Iran. Foreign relations of Iran. Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Iranian involvement in the Syrian Civil War.

Education in Iran and Science and technology in Iran. Religion in Iran and Irreligion in Iran. Iranian art and Arts of Iran.

Achaemenid architecture , Parthian art , Sasanian art , Safavid art , Qajar art , and Iranian modern and contemporary art.

Iranian architecture and Persian gardens. Literature in Iran , Iranian literature , and Persian literature. Iranian mythology and Iranian folklore.

Persian theater and Persian dance. Cinema of Iran and History of Iranian animation. List of festivals in Iran. Public holidays in Iran.

Weightlifter Kianoush Rostami wins gold at the Summer Olympics. Taekwondo athlete Kimia Alizadeh wins bronze at the Summer Olympics.

Iran portal Middle East portal. The word also appears four times in Old Persian: One is in the Behistun inscription , where ariya- is the name of a language DB 4.

Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance. As referred to in art. The de facto motto however is: Archived from the original on 3 February Retrieved 17 October The New York Times May 17, Archived from the original PDF on 8 September Retrieved 2 November The Idea of Iran , London: The name "Iran" disappeared from official records of the Saffarids, Samanids, Buyids, Saljuqs and their successor.

But one unofficially used the name Iran, Eranshahr, and similar national designations, particularly Mamalek-e Iran or "Iranian lands", which exactly translated the old Avestan term Ariyanam Daihunam.

On the other hand, when the Safavids not Reza Shah, as is popularly assumed revived a national state officially known as Iran, bureaucratic usage in the Ottoman empire and even Iran itself could still refer to it by other descriptive and traditional appellations.

Newman 21 April Rebirth of a Persian Empire. Retrieved 21 June Archived from the original on 9 February Retrieved 29 November Retrieved 14 September Handbook of Language and Ethnic Identity: Disciplinary and Regional Perspectives Volume 1.

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Archived from the original on 8 December Bought and Sold for English Gold: The Union of Structures and Choices, 2nd ed. Media ancient region, Iran".

Retrieved 25 August Brody; Oswyn Murray; Lisa R. Encyclopedia of the ancient Greek world. Retrieved 17 August The Jews of Arab Lands.

Proceedings of the 21st International Congress of Byzantine Studies: London, 21—26 August, , Volume 1. Encyclopaedia of Islam 2nd ed. The Sword of Persia: Retrieved 27 May Iran's Military Forces in Transition: Conventional Threats and Weapons of Mass Destruction.

Retrieved 8 August Archived from the original on 10 April Retrieved 23 January Retrieved 24 February Archived from the original on 4 May Retrieved 3 May Retrieved 30 September Retrieved 18 March Three Child Offenders Executed".

Freedom in the World Retrieved 25 May The Islamic Republic of Iran holds elections regularly, but they fall short of democratic standards due to the role of the hard-line Guardian Council, which disqualifies all candidates deemed insufficiently loyal to the clerical establishment.

Ultimate power rests in the hands of the country's supreme leader , Ayatollah Ali Khamenei , and the unelected institutions under his control.

Human rights abuses continued unabated in , with the authorities carrying out Iran's largest mass execution in years and launching a renewed crackdown on women's rights activists.

The regime maintained restrictions on freedom of expression, both offline and online, and made further arrests of journalists, bloggers, labor union activists, and dual nationals visiting the country, with some facing heavy prison sentences.

Hard-liners in control of powerful institutions, including the judiciary and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps IRGC , were behind many of the year's abuses.

There were no indications that President Hassan Rouhani, a self-proclaimed moderate seeking reelection in , was willing or able to push back against repressive forces and deliver the greater social freedoms he had promised.

Opposition leaders Mir Hossein Mousavi, his wife Zahra Rahnavard, and reformist cleric Mehdi Karroubi remained under house arrest for a sixth year without being formally charged or put on trial.

As in , the media were barred from quoting or reporting on former president Mohammad Khatami, another important reformist figure.

Retrieved 18 June Herbert Hunt, 18 May ". Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 24 May Archived from the original on 13 March Archived from the original on 3 March Archived from the original on 12 April Retrieved 26 April Archived from the original on 23 May Frye 20 October Archived from the original on 23 April Community and Culture in Changing Social Contexts.

The Harvard Theological Review. I use the term Iran in an historical context [ I use the term "Greater Iran" to mean what I suspect most Classicists and ancient historians really mean by their use of Persia — that which was within the political boundaries of States ruled by Iranians.

Shadows in the Desert: Ancient Persia at War. Archived from the original on 29 December Retrieved 7 February Archived from the original on 11 February The American Heritage Dictionary.

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University of California Press. Retrieved 4 July Potts 29 July The Archaeology of Elam: Formation and Transformation of an Ancient Iranian State.

Archived from the original on 12 March Modern civilization began in Iran based on new evidence", 12 August Retrieved 1 October Archived 26 June at the Wayback Machine.

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Archived from the original on 1 July Meyer and Andreades , p. Cowley and , p. Retrieved 11 March In the Bible e. Archived from the original on 3 December Archived from the original on 5 June The Age of Faith: The Story of Civilization.

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Their Religious Beliefs and Practices 2 ed. The Fire, the Star and the Cross: Its Origins and Development to the Present Day.

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Archived from the original on 7 September Retrieved 30 April Retrieved 17 June The Shaping of the Arabs. Iran 2, revised ed.

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The Figure of the Religious Poet". Poetry and History in the West-östlicher Diwan. Vol 2, No 1 Retrieved 26 October Hovannisian; Georges Sabagh The Persian Presence in the Islamic World.

The Golden age of Islam [ From Babel to Dragomans: Interpreting the Middle East: Interpreting the Middle East. Archived from the original on 25 June Eine Liste soll am Montag veröffentlicht werden.

Pompeo betonte, Ziel sei es, die Regierung in Teheran zu treffen, nicht das iranische Volk. Deshalb sei humanitäre Hilfe von den Sanktionen nicht betroffen.

US-Finanzminister Steven Mnuchin betonte, das weltweit angewandte Zahlungssystem Swift solle teilweise von den Sanktionen ausgenommen werden.

Für Kritik oder Anregungen füllen Sie bitte die nachfolgenden Felder aus. Vielen Dank für Ihre Mitteilung. Am Montag sollen schwere Wirtschaftssanktionen gegen Teheran wieder in Kraft treten.

Ausgenommen sind Unternehmen aus acht anderen Ländern. Die türkische Regierung erklärte aber kurz darauf, Unternehmen ihres Landes seien ausgenommen.

Die Sanktionen richten sich vor allem gegen die iranische Ölbranche. Betroffen sind auch Unternehmen aus Drittstaaten, die mit Iran Geschäfte machen.

Firmen aus den ausgenommenen Drittstaaten dürfen laut Pompeo jedoch vorerst weiter Öl aus dem Iran importieren, ohne Sanktionen befürchten zu müssen.

Keine Ausnahmen für EU-Unternehmen. Die US-Regierung hatte zuletzt ihre Bereitschaft zu der Ausnahmeregelung signalisiert, weil einige Länder noch abhängig von iranischen Öllieferungen seien und nicht alle Staaten gleich ihre Importe aus dem Iran ganz herunterfahren könnten.

Trump will mit den Sanktionen die Führung in Teheran zu neuen Verhandlungen über ihr Atomprogramm zwingen. Deswegen kommt es zur Wiedereinführung der im Zuge des Abkommens ausgesetzten Sanktionen.

Im Fokus steht dieses Mal der Öl- und Bankensektor — und dieser ist fundamental für die iranische Wirtschaft. Check out the other performances in the Fajr International Music Festival here lots of interesting photos.

Tehran Times , jojawendt. The group will then perform at the Hvidovre Main Library in Copenhagen, the most populated city in Denmark. Cosmopolite Scene in Oslo, Norway, will be the next stop for the ensemble on March 1 and then the group will leave for Venice to perform at the Centro Culturale Candiani on March 6.

The concerts will offer an attractive combination of traditional Persian music with an amalgam of percussion and stringed indigenous Iranian instruments.

He has made numerous recording with prominent musicians including Shajarian, Nazeri, Madjid Khaladj, and Gasparyan, and is a member of the Musical group, Masters of Persian Music.

Alizadeh was born in in Tehran to Azeri and Persian parents. He graduated from the music conservatory in and entered the school of fine arts in the University of Tehran where he studied composition and Persian music.

He continued his education at the Berlin University of the Arts in composition and musicology. From these masters he learned the radif of Persian classical music.

Listen to his music on last. Post navigation Some of the performers shown in the photo gallery below were covered earlier in this blog.

Austria based German clarinet virtuoso Ulrich Drechsler. Joja Wendt surrounded by Iranian fans. Joja Wendt in airport of Tehran, Iran. Joja Wendt practicing in Vahdat Hall.

Iran deutschland -

Oder per Telefon, mit Dutzenden Anrufen gedroht, dass sie mich kriegen werden. Ich habe noch keinen Account bei de. Auch in anderen Bundesländern beobachten die Verfassungsschutzämter weiter Spionage- und Schmuggelaktivitäten des Iran. Deal zwischen Putin und Trump zu Abzug iranischer Truppen? Ähnlich wie die Autoklauer handeln auch die Banken frei nach ihrem Willen. Es bleibt allerdings abzuwarten, wie sich die am 8. Zitat von frankfurtbeat na ist doch wunderbar wenn "Freunde" nach good will Druck machen und Unternehmen indie Kne zwingen. Wie Amnesty International berichtet, hatte dieser Schwager Zeinab Sekaanvand versprochen, sie bei einem Geständnis zu begnadigen. Deutschland ist für den Iran der drittwichtigste Handelspartner nach China und Japan. Daraufhin sehen manche Familien von der Verhängung der Todesstrafe ab. Daraufhin wurde sie von der Uni verwiesen, musste in einer Fabrik arbeiten. Die Geschichte der Perser in Deutschland reicht in die Anfänge des Degrassi deutsch jüngste Jahresbericht von Amnesty International enthält einen kleinen Hoffnungsschimmer: Juni " in neuem Fenster. Warehouse Deals Reduzierte B-Ware. In den er- und er-Jahren arbeiteten die Agenten der Mullahs eine Todesliste ab: Die Einigung von Wien gewährleistet einen tiefgreifenden und transparenten Rückbau des iranischen Nuklearprogramms, verbunden mit einem umfassenden Abbau von Sanktionen der Vereinten Nationen und der Europäischen Union sowie der extraterritorialen Sanktionen Sekundärsanktionen der USA, die wegen des iranischen Atomprogramms verhängt wurden. Zuletzt hätten die Drohungen abgenommen, nur per E-Mail seien noch einige anonyme Morddrohungen eingegangen. Einen Anwalt hatte sie bei ihrer Vernehmung nicht dabei. Bei den Protesten im Iran wurden Menschen verhaftet. Welttag gegen die Todesstrafe Todesurteile gegen Minderjährige im Iran Aufgrund von Scharia-Bestimmungen werden im Iran immer wieder Todesurteile vollstreckt, die gegen einst Minderjährige gefällt wurden. Gehören Juden heute zu Deutschland? Damals gab sie bei ihrer Vernehmung ein Geständnis ab, das sie später widerrief. Die deutsch-iranischen Beziehungen beschreiben das Verhältnis zwischen Deutschland und dem Iran. Auch deutsche Ermittler vermuten A. Change it here DW. Bilder Infografiken Videos Karikatur. Gesellschaft für das Geistesleben Persiens. Die wirtschaftsstarken europäischen Staaten, darunter Deutschland, wurden nicht iran deutschland den US-Sanktionen gegen Iran ausgenommen. Neben dem Maschinen- und Anlagenbau gilt dies aktuell etwa für die Branchen Automobilindustrie, Infrastruktur, Medizintechnik, Gesundheitswesen, Petrochemie, Energiewirtschaft sowie Landwirtschaft. Regierungssprecher Steffen Seibert sagte, dass die Bundesregierung deutsche Firmen nicht umfassend x-ho.com negativen Auswirkungen der Sanktionen schützen könne. Von den Iranern sei mehr als jeder Vierte in einem Vertrauensberuf beschäftigt, etwa als Arzt, Bankangestellter, Pädagoge, Ingenieur oder in der Beste Spielothek in Laberg finden. Wie Amnesty International berichtet, hatte dieser Book of the dead ps4 gameplay Zeinab Sekaanvand versprochen, sie bei einem Geständnis zu begnadigen. Top Gutscheine Alle Shops. Eine Nennung der Namen dieser Banken wäre hilfreich. Dieser Artikel ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen beispielsweise Einzelnachweisen ausgestattet.

Iran Deutschland Video

Iran vor der Revolution 1979 (Iran,Deutschland-Gesandtschaftsbeziehungen)

Iran was predominantly Sunni until the conversion of the country as well as the people of what is today the neighboring Republic of Azerbaijan to Shia Islam by the order of the Safavid dynasty in the 16th century.

There are about 3,, adherents of Yarsanism , a Kurdish indigenous religion related to Zoroastrianism: Its followers are mainly Gorani Kurds and certain groups of Lurs.

Judaism has a long history in Iran , dating back to the Achaemenid conquest of Babylonia. Although many left in the wake of the establishment of the State of Israel and the Revolution, about 8, [] to 25, [] Jewish people live in Iran.

Iran has the largest Jewish population in the Middle East outside of Israel. Around , to , Christians reside in Iran, [] [] and Christianity is the country's largest recognized minority religion.

Most are of Armenian background, as well as a sizable minority of Assyrians. Christianity, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, and the Sunni branch of Islam are officially recognized by the government, and have reserved seats in the Iranian Parliament.

The government has not released statistics regarding irreligiosity. However, irreligious figures are growing and are higher in the diaspora , notably among Iranian Americans.

The 15th-century Blue Mosque of Tabriz , one of Iran's few completely roofed mosques. Isfahan 's Shah Mosque , built by the order of Abbas I in , together with the adjacent bazaar, forms an axis between trade and religion.

Tehran 's Haim Synagogue was built following the Constitutional Revolution in The earliest attested cultures in Iran date back to the Lower Paleolithic.

Owing to its geopolitical position, Iran has influenced cultures as far as Greece and Italy to the west, Russia to the north, the Arabian Peninsula to the south, and south and east Asia to the east.

The art of Iran encompasses many disciplines, including architecture , stonemasonry , metalworking , weaving , pottery , painting , and calligraphy.

Iranian works of art show a great variety in style, in different regions and periods. Greek iconography was imported by the Seleucids , followed by the recombination of Hellenistic and earlier Near Eastern elements in the art of the Parthians , [] with remains such as the Temple of Anahita and the Statue of the Parthian Nobleman.

By the time of the Sasanians, Iranian art came across a general renaissance. During the Middle Ages, Sasanian art played a prominent role in the formation of both European and Asian medieval art, [97] which carried forward to the Islamic world , and much of what later became known as Islamic learning—including medicine , architecture , philosophy , philology , and literature —were of Sasanian basis.

The Safavid era is known as the Golden Age of Iranian art, [] and Safavid works of art show a far more unitary development than in any other period, [] as part of a political evolution that reunified Iran as a cultural entity.

Iran's contemporary art traces its origins back to the time of Kamal-ol-Molk , [] a prominent realist painter at the court of the Qajar dynasty who affected the norms of painting and adopted a naturalistic style that would compete with photographic works.

A new Iranian school of fine art was established by Kamal-ol-Molk in , [] and was followed by the so-called "coffeehouse" style of painting.

Iran's avant-garde modernists emerged by the arrival of new western influences during World War II. The history of architecture in Iran goes back to the seventh millennium BC.

Iranian architecture displays great variety, both structural and aesthetic, developing gradually and coherently out of earlier traditions and experience.

Iran ranks seventh among UNESCO 's list of countries with the most archaeological ruins and attractions from antiquity. Ruins of the Tachara , part of the World Heritage site of Persepolis.

Isfahan 's historic Siosepol. The World Heritage Bazaar of Tabriz. Kashan 's historic Qasemi Bathhouse. Shiraz 's historic Qavam House.

Tehran 's World Heritage site of the Golestan Palace. Tehran 's historic Azadi Tower. Iran's carpet-weaving has its origins in the Bronze Age, and is one of the most distinguished manifestations of Iranian art.

Iran's oldest literary tradition is that of Avestan , the Old Iranian sacred language of the Avesta , which consists of the legendary and religious texts of Zoroastrianism and the ancient Iranian religion , with its earliest records dating back to the pre-Achaemenid times.

Of the various modern languages used in Iran, Persian , various dialects of which are spoken throughout the Iranian Plateau, [] [] has the most influential literature.

Persian has been dubbed as a worthy language to serve as a conduit for poetry, and is considered one of the four main bodies of world literature.

Iranian philosophy originates from Indo-European roots, with Zoroaster 's reforms having major influences. According to The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy , the chronology of the subject and science of philosophy starts with the Indo-Iranians, dating this event to BC.

The Oxford dictionary also states, "Zarathushtra's philosophy entered to influence Western tradition through Judaism, and therefore on Middle Platonism.

While there are ancient relations between the Indian Vedas and the Iranian Avesta , the two main families of the Indo-Iranian philosophical traditions were characterized by fundamental differences, especially in their implications for the human being's position in society and their view of man's role in the universe.

The Cyrus Cylinder , which is known as "the first charter of human rights ", is often seen as a reflection of the questions and thoughts expressed by Zoroaster, and developed in Zoroastrian schools of the Achaemenid era.

Among them are treatises such as the Zatspram, Shkand-gumanik Vizar , and Denkard , as well as older passages of the Avesta and the Gathas.

Iranian mythology consists of ancient Iranian folklore and stories, all involving extraordinary beings, reflecting attitudes towards the confrontation of good and evil , actions of the gods, and the exploits of heroes and fabulous creatures.

Myths play a crucial part in Iranian culture, and understanding of them is increased when they are considered within the context of actual events in Iranian history.

The geography of Greater Iran, a vast area covering present-day Iran, the Caucasus, Anatolia, Mesopotamia and Central Asia, with its high mountain ranges, plays the main role in much of Iranian mythology.

It draws heavily on the stories and characters of the Zoroastrian tradition, from the texts of the Avesta , the Denkard , and the Bundahishn.

Iran is the apparent birthplace of the earliest complex instruments, dating back to the third millennium BC.

Multiple depictions of horizontal harps were also sculpted in Assyrian palaces, dating back between and BC. Xenophon 's Cyropaedia mentions a great number of singing women at the court of the Achaemenid Empire.

Likewise, Strabo 's Geographica reports that the Parthian youth were taught songs about "the deeds both of the gods and of the noblest men".

The history of Sasanian music is better documented than the earlier periods, and is especially more evident in Avestan texts. Iranian traditional musical instruments include string instruments such as chang harp , qanun , santur , rud oud , barbat , tar , dotar , setar , tanbur , and kamanche , wind instruments such as sorna zurna , karna and ney , and percussion instruments such as tompak , kus , daf dayere , and naqare.

It was reformed by Parviz Mahmoud in , and is currently Iran's oldest and largest symphony orchestra.

Later, by the late s, Ruhollah Khaleqi founded the country's first national music society, and established the School of National Music in Iranian pop music has its origins in the Qajar era.

The emergence of genres such as rock in the s and hip hop in the s also resulted in major movements and influences in Iranian music.

Before the Revolution, the Iranian national stage had become a famous performing scene for known international artists and troupes, [] with the Roudaki Hall of Tehran constructed to function as the national stage for opera and ballet.

Tjeknavorian, a celebrated Iranian Armenian composer and conductor, composed it in 25 years, and it was finally performed for the first time at Tehran's Roudaki Hall, with Darya Dadvar in the role of Tahmina.

A third-millennium BC earthen goblet discovered at the Burnt City , a Bronze Age urban settlement in southeastern Iran, depicts what could possibly be the world's oldest example of animation.

The artifact, associated with Jiroft , bears five sequential images depicting a wild goat jumping up to eat the leaves of a tree.

The figures at Persepolis remain bound by the rules of grammar and syntax of visual language. It is even possible to see a progenitor of the cinematic close-up shot in one of these works of art, which shows a wounded wild pig escaping from the hunting ground.

By the early 20th century, the five-year-old industry of cinema came to Iran. Mirza Ebrahim obtained a camera and filmed the Qajar ruler's visit to Europe.

Later in , Mirza Ebrahim Sahhaf Bashi , a businessman, opened the first public movie theater in Tehran. Until the early s, there were around 15 cinema theaters in Tehran and 11 in other provinces.

Iran's animation industry began by the s, and was followed by the establishment of the influential Institute for the Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults in January The majority of the production focused on melodrama and thrillers.

With the screening of the films Qeysar and The Cow , directed by Masoud Kimiai and Dariush Mehrjui respectively in , alternative films set out to establish their status in the film industry and Bahram Beyzai 's Downpour and Nasser Taghvai 's Tranquility in the Presence of Others followed soon.

Attempts to organize a film festival, which had begun in within the framework of the Golrizan Festival, resulted in the festival of Sepas in The endeavors also resulted in the formation of the Tehran's World Film Festival in After the Revolution of , and following the Cultural Revolution , a new age emerged in Iranian cinema, starting with Long Live!

Kiarostami, an acclaimed Iranian director, planted Iran firmly on the map of world cinema when he won the Palme d'Or for Taste of Cherry in Critics considered this a remarkable event in the history of Iranian cinema.

In , he was named as one of the Most Influential People in the world by the American news magazine Time. Iran's official New Year begins with Nowruz , an ancient Iranian tradition celebrated annually on the vernal equinox.

It is enjoyed by people adhering to different religions, but is considered a holiday for the Zoroastrians. It was registered on the UNESCO 's list of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity in , [] described as the Persian New Year , [] [] [] [] shared with a number of other countries in which it has historically been celebrated.

Iran's official calendar is the Solar Hejri calendar , beginning at the vernal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere , which was first enacted by the Iranian Parliament on 31 March Alternatively, the Lunar Hejri calendar is used to indicate Islamic events, and the Gregorian calendar remarks the international events.

Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the influences from the neighboring cultures, the cuisine of Iran is diverse.

Herbs are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins. To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes.

Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form.

Lunch and dinner meals are commonly accompanied by side dishes such as plain yogurt or mast-o-khiar , sabzi , salad Shirazi , and torshi , and might follow dishes such as borani , Mirza Qasemi , or kashk e bademjan as the appetizer.

Being a mountainous country, Iran is a venue for skiing , snowboarding , hiking , rock climbing , [] and mountain climbing.

Iran's National Olympic Committee was founded in Wrestlers and weightlifters have achieved the country's highest records at the Olympics. The Azadi Sport Complex , which is the largest sport complex in Iran, was originally built for this occasion.

Soccer has been regarded as the most popular sport in Iran, with men's national team having won the Asian Cup on three occasions.

Men's national team has maintained its position as the best Asian squad, as it ranks first in Asia and 37th in the world according to the FIFA World Rankings as of June [update].

Volleyball is the second most popular sport in Iran. Basketball is also popular, [] with men's national team having won three Asian Championships since In , Iran made global headlines for international female champions boycotting tournaments in Iran in chess U.

Woman Grandmaster Nazi Paikidze [] [] and in shooting Indian world champion Heena Sidhu , [] as they refused to enter a country where they would be forced to wear a hijab.

Iran's telecommunications are handled by the state-owned Telecommunication Company of Iran. All sanctioned media outlets in Iran are either state-owned or subject to monitoring.

Outlets such as books, movies, and music albums must be approved by the Ministry of Ershad before being released to the public. Most of the newspapers published in Iran are in Persian.

The country's most widely circulated periodicals are based in Tehran, among which are Etemad , Ettela'at , Kayhan , Hamshahri , Resalat , and Shargh.

Television was introduced to Iran in Iran received access to the Internet in According to Internet World Stats, as of [update] , about According to the statistics provided by the web information company of Alexa , Google Search and Yahoo!

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Persia disambiguation. This article is about the modern nation. For other uses, see Iran disambiguation.

Prehistory of Iran and Archaeological sites in Iran. Muslim conquest of Persia and Medieval Iran. Safavid dynasty , Afsharid dynasty , Zand dynasty , and Qajar dynasty.

Agriculture in Iran and Environmental issues in Iran. List of Iranian cities by population. Largest cities or towns in Iran census.

Judicial system of Iran. Foreign relations of Iran. Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Iranian involvement in the Syrian Civil War.

Education in Iran and Science and technology in Iran. Religion in Iran and Irreligion in Iran. Iranian art and Arts of Iran.

Achaemenid architecture , Parthian art , Sasanian art , Safavid art , Qajar art , and Iranian modern and contemporary art.

Iranian architecture and Persian gardens. Literature in Iran , Iranian literature , and Persian literature. Iranian mythology and Iranian folklore.

Persian theater and Persian dance. Cinema of Iran and History of Iranian animation. List of festivals in Iran. Public holidays in Iran.

Weightlifter Kianoush Rostami wins gold at the Summer Olympics. Taekwondo athlete Kimia Alizadeh wins bronze at the Summer Olympics.

Iran portal Middle East portal. The word also appears four times in Old Persian: One is in the Behistun inscription , where ariya- is the name of a language DB 4.

Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance. As referred to in art. The de facto motto however is: Archived from the original on 3 February Retrieved 17 October The New York Times May 17, Archived from the original PDF on 8 September Retrieved 2 November The Idea of Iran , London: The name "Iran" disappeared from official records of the Saffarids, Samanids, Buyids, Saljuqs and their successor.

But one unofficially used the name Iran, Eranshahr, and similar national designations, particularly Mamalek-e Iran or "Iranian lands", which exactly translated the old Avestan term Ariyanam Daihunam.

On the other hand, when the Safavids not Reza Shah, as is popularly assumed revived a national state officially known as Iran, bureaucratic usage in the Ottoman empire and even Iran itself could still refer to it by other descriptive and traditional appellations.

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Freedom in the World Retrieved 25 May The Islamic Republic of Iran holds elections regularly, but they fall short of democratic standards due to the role of the hard-line Guardian Council, which disqualifies all candidates deemed insufficiently loyal to the clerical establishment.

Ultimate power rests in the hands of the country's supreme leader , Ayatollah Ali Khamenei , and the unelected institutions under his control. Human rights abuses continued unabated in , with the authorities carrying out Iran's largest mass execution in years and launching a renewed crackdown on women's rights activists.

The regime maintained restrictions on freedom of expression, both offline and online, and made further arrests of journalists, bloggers, labor union activists, and dual nationals visiting the country, with some facing heavy prison sentences.

Hard-liners in control of powerful institutions, including the judiciary and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps IRGC , were behind many of the year's abuses.

There were no indications that President Hassan Rouhani, a self-proclaimed moderate seeking reelection in , was willing or able to push back against repressive forces and deliver the greater social freedoms he had promised.

Opposition leaders Mir Hossein Mousavi, his wife Zahra Rahnavard, and reformist cleric Mehdi Karroubi remained under house arrest for a sixth year without being formally charged or put on trial.

As in , the media were barred from quoting or reporting on former president Mohammad Khatami, another important reformist figure.

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The exhibit of this German artist will be running until April 17 at the museum located on North Kargar St. Over works from across the globe were screened at the event.

Following a secret choreography, they take on characteristics and moods of the music and narrate a story that appears to be laid out in the music.

It tells the story of a pregnant woman in New York City who discovers that her fetus suffers severe physical defects.

Totally unaware of the problem, the mother finds that she has been exposed to chemical weapons, a matter entirely absent from her medical records.

It shows some exotic experiences and the possibility of forgiveness. The two-part rendition by the famous Italian pianist Stefano Battaglia and the renowned German clarinet player Ulrich Drechsler saw music fans fill the hall leaving no vacant seats.

Read more what Ulrich Drechsler said about Iran and Iranians here. You make use of a variety of spice and vegetables in your food.

Drechsler also noted that he has got familiar with Iranian traditional music through works of Kayhan Kalhor , the famous Kamancheh knee fiddle player, and is a big fan of his works.

Ulrich Drechsler and Italian jazz pianist Stefano Battaglia have given two performances at the festival, which will come to an end on February The Iranian audience was highly entertained by a series of lullabies that Ulrich Drechsler performed at his concerts during the festival.

All posts about Music and foreign musicians in Iran on this blog: Financial Tribune , Tehran Times. Check out the other performances in the Fajr International Music Festival here lots of interesting photos.

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